Ending The AIDS Epidemic as part of the Sustainable Development Goals

Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN)

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url :www.fpan.org.np
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The Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) founded in 1959 became an associate member of the Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 1960 and full-fledged member in 1969. Prior to the establishment of the Association the concept of family planning was quite new and considered as a thing that went against religion, tradition and prevailing social values in Nepal. FPAN, in consonance with the social system, focused on information and education as a means of advocating a small family as a norm among the rural masses. The family planning program in the government sector gained momentum only after the establishment of the Maternal and Child Health Division at the Ministry of Health in 1965 and the launching of the National Family Planning and Maternal and Child Health Project in 1969. It was after FPAN started complementing and supplementing the national program.

The family planning services in 1960s were limited to distribution of condoms, pills and insertion of loops. All activities were implemented by volunteers because there were no staff members to assist their work. The Association resorted to meetings and print media to educate the people during the time. Since the only electronic media reaching the general public was radio, FPAN initiated a weekly radio program on family planning in 1968.

FPAN started more target-oriented and focused programs in the 1970s. A Family Planning Welfare Project was implemented in ten wards of Kathmandu valley in 1972, which started providing sterilization services on request and assistance of USAID. Since these projects required fulltime workers, staff and volunteers were recruited to provide the services. FPAN started publishing family planning magazine and other IEC materials for the target population in the 1970s. Similarly, FPAN programs were expanded from three districts in the 1960s to 15 districts in the 1970s and 32 districts in 2004.

The program focus of FPAN has been changing gradually to adjust its program thrust and activities with contemporary demand for FP services by the people. In the 1960s and 1970s, it adopted an integrated approach of amalgamating community development and family planning programs. Consequently, an emphasis was given to disseminating FP messages and delivering services to the needy people in the 1990s in compliance with the changes in behaviour and attitudes of the people. In this endeavor, it has been giving greater emphasis to service delivery since 1992 to meet the unmet demand for family planning and reproductive health services. Community development programs were curtailed substantially and new programs, including STI/HIV/AIDS, counseling and services, sexual and reproductive health education and services to adolescent and youths, maternity services and strong advocacy on safe abortion were added in the 1990s.

FPAN contributes 25-30 percent to the national family planning programs and its program activities are ever expanding meeting the unmet needs of family planning, including STI/HIV/AIDS prevention, control and management